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經濟學人:波音VS空客(2)

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In a sector like aircraft manufacturing, where subsidies are ubiquitous,

在一個像飛機制造這樣的部門中,補貼無處不在,
it has always been clear that America and the EU needed to agree to mutual disarmament.
很明顯,美國和歐盟需要就相互裁軍達成一致。
Instead, they have talked past each other, each complaining at various points that the other was unwilling to negotiate.
相反,他們只是各執一詞,各自在不同的地方抱怨對方不愿談判。
Most recently it has been the EU that has submitted proposals to America, only to be rebuffed.
最近是歐盟向美國提交了提案,卻遭到拒絕。
Meanwhile, the boxes have been piling up and the lawyers raking in fees.
與此同時,箱子越堆越高,律師們也賺了不少錢。
The Trump administration wasted no time in starting the formalities at the WTO that will allow it to apply the tariffs.
特朗普政府不失時機地在WTO開始了允許其實施關稅的手續。
That means the EU can expect tariffs on October 18th.
這意味著將在10月18日對歐盟征收關稅。
As well as tariffs of 10% on large aircraft and 25% on agricultural and industrial goods,
除了對大型飛機征收10%的關稅以及對農工產品征收25%的關稅外,
the list the USTR published on October 2nd included Italian Parmesan, Scotch whisky and German waffles.
USTR在10月日公布的名單中還包括意大利的帕爾瑪干酪、蘇格蘭威士忌酒以及德國華夫餅干。

波音VS空客(2).jpg

Even if a product is not on the list it may still be hit, as items could be shuffled in and out.

即便是不在名單中的產品仍有可能命中,因為產品條目可以被添加和刪減。
For all the fuss the dispute will generate among connoisseurs of European cheese, the biggest impact will be on aircraft,
這場糾紛將會在歐洲奶酪鑒賞家中引起軒然大波,受影響最大的將是飛機,
of which America imported $5.1bn-worth in 2018, mostly from France and Germany (the USTR has said that only a portion will be hit).
2018年美國進口了價值51億美元的飛機,大部分是從法國和德國進口(USTR表示只有一部分將受到打擊)。
It could have been worse—the Americans could have applied a tariff of up to 100%—but even one of 10% will bite.
情況本會更糟——美國本可以征收最高為100%的關稅——但即使是10%的關稅也會產生影響。
American airlines fear that tariffs will raise the price of Airbus aircraft, and that Boeing will lack the capacity to expand supply.
美國航空公司擔心關稅會提高空客飛機的價格,也擔心波音將缺乏擴大供應的能力。
Perhaps the WTO will find that the EU has removed its subsidies, and the Americans will stand down.
大概WTO將發現歐盟已經取消了它的補貼,美國人將會退出。
Or in eight months'time, when the WTO authorises the EU to place retaliatory tariffs on American imports as part of the Boeing dispute,
或者在八個月的時間里,在這場波音糾紛中,當WTO授權歐盟對美國進口征收報復性關稅時,
the two sides might finally negotiate away their differences. By then Mr Trump's appetite for tariffs may have been sated,
雙方可能最終通過談判消除分歧。到那時,特朗普對關稅的胃口可能已經得到極大滿足,
and he might abandon separate threats to put tariffs on European cars and car parts.
并且他可能會放棄對歐洲汽車和汽車零部件征收關稅的威脅。
But it is also possible that trade disputes between the two sides become fiercer.
但也有可能雙方貿易糾紛愈演愈烈。
America is blocking the appointment of judges to the WTO's court of appeals.
美國正在阻止WTO上訴法院法官的任命。
If either side makes a move that the other judges an infraction, and a complaint to the WTO cannot be heard for lack of judges,
如果任何一方采取了另一方認為違規的行動,,并由于缺乏法官,向WTO提出的申訴無法得到審理
that could be the end of playing by the rules.
那么這可能是按規矩辦事的終結。

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impact ['impækt,im'pækt]

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n. 沖擊(力), 沖突,影響(力)
vt.

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declaration [.deklə'reiʃən]

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n. 宣布,宣言

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capacity [kə'pæsiti]

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n. 能力,容量,容積; 資格,職位
adj.

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ubiquitous [ju:'bikwitəs]

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adj. 到處存在的,遍在的

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request [ri'kwest]

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n. 要求,請求
vt. 請求,要求

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fuss [fʌs]

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n. 大驚小怪,小題大作,強烈不滿或爭吵
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expand [iks'pænd]

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n. 補給,供給,供應,貯備
vt. 補給,供

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appetite ['æpitait]

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n. 嗜好,食欲,欲望

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